American Wirehair

 

The American Wirehair is a natural mutation, so the breed is not a man-made breed. The coat is quite coarse and hard to the touch, the hairs are crinkled (=wired).
 
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American Wirehair calico (tortie & white)
RW SGC Tbycatacres Ogalvie
Owner: NordicSun cattery
Merced, California, USA
 
The American Wirehair appears in many colours, chocolate, lilac, cinnamon and fawn as well as pointed cats are mostly not accepted in cat organizations:
  • white, black, blue, red, cream, tortie
  • They appear also in silver, for example chinchillas, smoke, cameos, etc.
  • They appears also with tabby pattern, for example mackerel tabby, classic tabby, silver tabby, etc.
  • And the breed can also come with white, for example calico, red and white, etc.
GC, RW Charís Another Kink in the Chain
GC, RW Charís Another Kink in the Chain
Owner & Breeder: Charlotte Swanson, Char's cattery,
North Carolina, USA
 
American Wirehair calico
GC, RW Brillocatz Molly MacGwire
Breeder & Owner: Sharyl Pistulka, Brillocatz cattery, Nebraska, USA
 

Eurocatfancy

Standard ACFA
Standard CCA
Standard CFA
Standard LOOF
Standard SACC
Standard TICA
Standard WCF
 
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Breed profile

The American Wirehair is a natural mutation, so the breed is not a man-made breed. The coat is quite coarse and hard to the touch, the hairs are crinkled (=wired). That distinguishes the American Wirehair from all other breeds.

The head is in proportion to the body and shows prominent cheekbones and a well-developed muzzle. There is a slight whisker break (i.e. the muzzle can be seen well). The nose is medium long, when viewed in profile it shows a gentle concave curve.
The ears are medium in size, not pointed, and set wide.
The eyes are large and round with a slight upward tilt.

The body is medium to large in size, the rump is well rounded. Males are larger than females.
The legs are medium long and medium in bone, with firm rounded paws and heavy pads.
The tail is  in proportion to the body, neither blunt nor pointed.

The coat is very tight, dense and coarse, and medium in length. Individual hairs are crimped, hooked, or bent, including the whiskers and hair within the ears. The overall appearance of wiring and the coarseness of the coat is very important. The density of the wired coat leads to a more ringlet formation rather than waves.

 

History

The American Wirehair is an unique American breed. It started as a spontaneous mutation in a litter of farm cats upstate New York in 1966. The farmer called his neighbour, the local cat lady, Joan O'Shea, to have a look. Joan decided to try to reproduce it, when she saw the unusual coat. The foundation male, named Council Rock Farm Adam, was bred to his sister, and, more kittens with that unusual crimped coat were born. As there were very few cats, the breeders decided to use American Shorthairs for outcrosses, thus the standard of the breed has some similarities with the American Shorthair. The Wirehair was first accepted for registration by CFA in 1967 and for championship in 1978.
The breed is still a rare breed.

 

Temperament

Though the cat is active and agile, and shows a keen interest in its surroundings, it is called a quiet breed. It is a very healthy breed, resistant to diseases and is a good breeder.

 

Grooming

This breed is not an outdoor breed, it should be kept thoroughly clean through regular bathing. The coat requires proper attention not to become greasy due to the natural oily skin. They are easy to bath, however, and can be easily groomed.

 

 
 
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