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Quality Points for Cats

 
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Genetic terms in cats
Genome of the cat
Dominance of genes
Cat Breeding techniques
Crossing Table 1
Crossing Table 2
Crossing Table 3
Gene A: Agouti
Gene B: Black
Gene C: Full colour
Gene D: Diluted
Gene Dm: Dilute modifier
Gene Fd: Folded ears
Gene I: Inhibitor
Gene L: Shorthair
Gene Mc: Mackerel
Gene O: Orange
Gene S: Piebald spotting
Gene W: White
Gene XY: Sex
Quality Points for Cats
   
  Download
  [Scale of points for the cat breeds]
  [Quality evaluation for cats]

 

Quality Points for cats

 

How many quality-points does your cat litter get?

  • A responsible breeder wants to breed high-quality cats and wants to contribute to improvement of his own breed.
  • A responsible breeders just does not want to breed cats for selling them.
  • A responsible breeder wants to breed healthy and high-quality cats.

But is this ambitious goal reached?
Do you make a quality assessment of your cat litters?
Or do you just compare your kittens with those cats winning frequently in shows?

Mostly only that part of the standard is read, which describes the characteristics of the cat breed. Then eventually the colour table is studied. But the scale of points is skipped. This scale is full of numbers and looks like an evaluation, and figures and numbers are suspicious in the cat fancy.
One can get the impression that also the cat judges only learned that scale of points for the examination, but when judging they do not really use and apply that scale. To apply this scale of points is estimated to be inappropriate, as a cat has to be judged as an entire entity, where the evaluation and judgement of this entity is subject of subjective interpretation.

But this scale of points is a very useful tool for judges as well as for breeders and can work as measurement of a cat's quality.

How can the scale of points be used for quality assessment (and measurement) of cat litters and kittens?

Necessary ingredients:

The most important characteristics of the cat breed These characteristics - which are important for a cat breed, are described systematically in the standard:
Head
  • Shape of the head
    round, wedge-shaped, triangular, trapezium-shaped
  • Forehead
    flat, arched, rounded
  • Cheeks, cheekbones
    rounded, high set, prominent
  • Nose
    short, long, straight, curved (mostly concave), with an indentation, with a stop
  • Profile
    long, straight, curved
  • Muzzle
    with whisker-break, broad, fine, rounded, square
  • Jaws, bite
    broad, fine, pointed
  • Chin
    firm, in line with the nose tip
Ears
  • Shape
    rounded, pointed, broad at the base
  • Size
    small, medium in size, large
  • Placement, how they are set
    erect, upright, high set, deep set, set wide apart, tilted forward, set close together
Eyes
  • Shape
    oval, almond-shaped, round, oriental
  • Size
    medium in size, large
  • Color
    even, dark, deep, brilliant
  • Placement, how they are set
    set wide apart, set at least one eye width apart, slanted, oblique, straight
Body
  • Boning
    medium, strong, solid, fine
  • Shape (structure) of the body
    long, elongated, short, sturdy, cobby, slender, lithe
  • Shoulders
    broad, well developed, muscular, narrow
  • Back
    muscular, arched, short, straight, level, rising toward the hindquarters
  • Chest
    broad, arched, deep, fine rib cage
  • Musculature
    hard, compact, firm, sinewy
Legs
  • Legs
    long, slender, sturdy, short, thick, elegant, fine, hind legs longer than front legs, straight front legs
  • Paws
    large, round, dainty, oval, firm, compact, long toes
Tail
  • long, short,
  • thin, thick,
  • tapered,
  • broad at the base,
  • Bobtail, Rumpy
Coat texture
  • Texture
    fine, dense, coarse top coat, guard hairs,
    silky, smooth, glossy, plushy, crispy, hard,
    wavy, curled,
    lying close to the body, standing off from the body
  • Length
    long, short, varies in length, medium in length
  • Undercoat
    little undercoat, dense undercoat, woolly undercoat, no undercoat
Color and pattern
  • Color
    even, sound, bright, deep, pale, distribution of colors
  • Markings - pattern
    contrast, ticking, clearness, points, tipping, distribution of colours

 

A scale for evaluation from 1 - 10 Each characteristic is evaluated according to a scale from 1-10:
1 poor
5, 6 medium, average
8 fits (sufficient)
9 good
10 very good

 

A table, where the kittens and their evaluation are entered All kittens and all characteristics are entered in this table. The points for each characteristic are calculated and entered into the table.
  • As health is the most important factor, it is evaluated and entered independently from all other characteristics!
    The points given according to the scale 1-10 are multiplied with 10!
  • The calculations of the points is simple:
    points given according to the scale 1-10 X points according to the standard.

 

Let us assume the following scale of points of a fictive cat standard:

  • Head: 25 points
  • Body: 30 points
  • Coat texture: 20 points
  • Color, pattern: 25 points

In the following example-table the left number in the multiplication is the evaluation according to the scale 1-10, the right number are the points listed in the standard.
For example, calculation for kitten C:

  • Health was evaluated with 8 points according to the scale.
    We multiply now this value for health always with 10, as health is most important!
  • The head was evaluated with 5 points according to the scale, the standard gives 25 points for the head. Therefore we multiply 6 * 25, which gives 125 evaluation-points.
  • The body was evaluated with 6 points according to the scale, the standards gives 30 points for the body. Therefore we multiply 6 * 30, which gives 180 evaluation-points.
  • and so on.

Kitten Evaluation of the characteristics Total points
  Health Head Body Coat texture Color and pattern  
A 6 * 10 = 7 * 25 = 8 * 30 = 8 * 20 = 8 * 25  
60 175 240 160 200 835
B 8 * 10 = 8 * 25 = 9 * 30 = 7 * 20 = 9 * 25 =  
80 200 270 140 225 905
C 8 * 10 = 5 * 25 = 6 * 30 7 * 20 = 7 * 25 =  
80 125 180 140 175 700
D 9 * 10 7 * 25 = 8 * 30 = 8 * 20 = 8 * 25 =  
90 175 240 160 200 865
E 6 * 10 = 9 * 25 = 8 * 30 = 9 * 20 = 9 * 25 =  
60 225 240 180 225 930
F 9 * 10 = 6 * 25 = 9 * 30 = 9 * 20 = 8 * 25 =  
90 150 270 180 200 890
 

Why are kitten A and E marked with red color?
Kitten E has got the highest amount of points?

The most important principle in breeding cats is:
Kittens, which reach a number of points for health below 80 = which are evaluated with less than 8 points according to the scale, will not be considered further, and are not used any further for breeding.

Therefore kittens A and E are marked with red color, because their health was evaluated only with 6 points according to the scale. Both kittens are not considered further, and the breeder should put "not permitted for breeding" on them.

Now we rank the kittens according to their total number of points reached:

Kitten Evaluation of the characteristics Total points
  Health Head Body Coat texture Color and pattern  
B 8 * 10 = 8 * 25 = 9 * 30 = 7 * 20 = 9 * 25 =  
80 200 270 140 225 905
F 9 * 10 = 6 * 25 = 9 * 30 = 9 * 20 = 8 * 25 =  
90 150 270 180 200 890
D 9 * 10 7 * 25 = 8 * 30 = 8 * 20 = 8 * 25 =  
90 175 240 160 200 865
C 8 * 10 = 5 * 25 = 6 * 30 7 * 20 = 7 * 25 =  
80 125 180 140 175 700

Please hold in mind, the body receives the highest amount of points in our fictive cat standard, followed by coat color and head, which receive equal points.
Although kitten F is ranked on the 2nd place very close to kitten B, its head was not evaluated very high.
Kitten C will not be considered any further, because the evaluation of its characteristics was medium and reached an average level.
Although kitten D is ranked after kitten F, the evaluation of its head was better than that of kitten F, and therefore kitten D will not be dropped from our considerations to use it in our breeding program.

Evaluate each litter in your cattery according to this method!

The example-table shown above is very simplified. Of course more characteristics must be evaluated for the kittens, and the various body parts have to be split into further characteristics.
But do not evaluate to many characteristics in the beginning, as long as you have little experience.
Please consider also the following factors:

  • What are THE characteristic features of a certain cat breed?
  • The evaluation you make according to the scale 1-10, how many points you attribute to each characteristic, depends on your objectivity = your critical evaluation of each kitten.
  • The evaluation also depends on your detailed knowledge of the standard (scale of points).

You may download two Excel-tables from here (see at the left in the yellow box!):

  • A table of the scales of points for the most known cat breeds in several organizations.
  • An example-table for the evaluation of your kittens including the most important characteristics.
    Note: In the table formulas are used, which you should not overwrite.
 
[A] [B] [C] [cb & cs] [D] [Dm] [Fd] [I] [L] [Mc] [O] [S] [W] [XY]

 
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